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See the Effects of Climate Change Across Earth

Product details Paperback: pages Publisher: W. About the Author William F. Ruddiman, University of Virginia. No customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon.

4 editions of this work

July 15, - Published on Amazon. Verified Purchase.

Earth's Climate: Past and Future

First Edition is mildly outdated, but still contains a lot of valuable information on climate history. The author covers earth's climate from roughly 4Bya to the present, its history, changes and best guess on causation.

Highly recommended reading if you are interested in climate change. May 30, - Published on Amazon. This book is a must-read for anyone who wants to have a solid understanding of past climates. It is thorough and engaging.

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Although designed presumably for college students, I enjoyed reading it as faculty, to deepen my understanding of the factors that control climate variability -- especially plate tectonics and associated chemistry. Many textbooks shy away from all the chemistry involved in climate variations.


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A Air at low levels is cold with little water vapor. B Air near the surface is very dense. C Little solar energy is being absorbed by the ground surface. D The lower atmosphere is warm with a high water vapor content. What is the driving force for the Hadley cell circulation pattern? A glacial movement B ocean gyres C tectonic convection D tropical heating E None of the answers is correct. Which of the following statements about monsoonal circulations is correct? A High pressure over continental surfaces leads to heavy precipitation on land. B Monsoons are caused by tropical storms embedded in the Hadley cells.

Earth's Climate: Past, Present and Future

C Summer monsoons tend to produce precipitation on continental surfaces. D The strongest monsoon circulations occur where there are little seasonal differences in the surface heating of the land and ocean. E None of the answers is correct. What effect do mountain ranges have on the distribution of precipitation?

A Air is warmed as it rises up the side of a mountain, reducing precipitation rates. B A rain shadow is produced on the side facing ocean winds. C Precipitation is enhanced on the windward side and reduced on the leeward side. D Water vapor is added to the atmosphere as it descends the leeward side, leading to wetter conditions. Which of the following statements about subtropical ocean gyres is not true? A Sea level in the middle of a gyre is 2 meters lower than the surrounding ocean.

B Gyre circulation is influenced by atmospheric winds, the Coriolis effect, and continental boundaries. C Gyres circulate in a clockwise fashion in the Northern Hemisphere. D The volume of water circulating in gyres is far greater than the combined flow of all of Earth's rivers.

E None of the answers is true. Why does no deep water form today in the high latitudes of the Pacific Ocean? A The ocean depth is too shallow. B There is excess salt rejection. C The salinity of the surface water is too low. D The surface water is too cold. In which of the following areas would you expect upwelling of ocean water to occur?

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A where sea ice forms B where surface waters cool C where surface winds blow parallel to coastlines D where high evaporation rates increase surface salinity E None of the answers is correct. What effect does sea ice have on atmospheric temperature? A Latent heat is given off to the atmosphere as sea ice melts, providing additional warming. B Sea ice prevents the release of heat from the ocean beneath, allowing air temperatures to get much colder in winter.

C Solar energy is reflected off of sea ice and back through the atmosphere, providing additional warming in summer. D Thermal energy is conducted rapidly through sea ice from the ocean to the atmosphere above. What percentage of the Earth's land surface is covered by the two existing ice sheets on Antarctica and Greenland?


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In which of the following cases would glacier mass balance be positive? A Ablation exceeds accumulation. B The glacier is shrinking. D The overall snowfall rate is greater than ice loss through melting and calving. E All of the cases would be positive.

Earth's climate : past and future

Which of the following statements about Earth's carbon cycle is correct? A Carbon contained in sediments and rocks is permanently removed from the carbon cycle. B Carbon does not readily move between the atmosphere and surface ocean.